Just as German solar panel manufacturers set industry standards in the early 2000s, Japanese auto manufacturers have set industry standards for the fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV). In the 2000s industry in China followed German solar panel standards; now China’s FuelCell Industry is following Japanese fuel cell standards, especially those set by the Toyota Mirai.
The design characteristics of the Mirai are broadly accepted as the benchmark against which all FCEV models in China should be measured. The fuel cell stack in the Mirai has a volumetric energy density of 3.1 ~ 5.4 kW/L, depending on model, an estimated lifetime of 5,000 hrs, a cold start-up capability of -30˚C, stack rated power of 113 kW, and stack cost of less than 200 USD/kW. Most fuel cell manufacturers in China strive to meet one or all of these technical benchmarks. In addition to technical benchmarking, the Mirai is also revered in China as a rare FCEV success story – with worldwide sales of 13,000 vehicles.